Consul Backend

Consul Key-Value backend

Træfik can be configured to use Consul as a backend configuration.

################################################################
# Consul KV configuration backend
################################################################

# Enable Consul KV configuration backend.
[consul]

# Consul server endpoint.
#
# Required
# Default: "127.0.0.1:8500"
#
endpoint = "127.0.0.1:8500"

# Enable watch Consul changes.
#
# Optional
# Default: true
#
watch = true

# Prefix used for KV store.
#
# Optional
# Default: traefik
#
prefix = "traefik"

# Override default configuration template.
# For advanced users :)
#
# Optional
#
# filename = "consul.tmpl"

# Use Consul user/pass authentication.
#
# Optional
#
# username = foo
# password = bar

# Enable Consul TLS connection.
#
# Optional
#
#    [consul.tls]
#    ca = "/etc/ssl/ca.crt"
#    cert = "/etc/ssl/consul.crt"
#    key = "/etc/ssl/consul.key"
#    insecureskipverify = true

To enable constraints see backend-specific constraints section.

Please refer to the Key Value storage structure section to get documentation on Traefik KV structure.

Consul Catalog backend

Træfik can be configured to use service discovery catalog of Consul as a backend configuration.

################################################################
# Consul Catalog configuration backend
################################################################

# Enable Consul Catalog configuration backend.
[consulCatalog]

# Consul server endpoint.
#
# Required
# Default: "127.0.0.1:8500"
#
endpoint = "127.0.0.1:8500"

# Expose Consul catalog services by default in Traefik.
#
# Optional
# Default: true
#
exposedByDefault = false

# Prefix for Consul catalog tags.
#
# Optional
# Default: "traefik"
#
prefix = "traefik"

# Default frontEnd Rule for Consul services.
#
# The format is a Go Template with:
# - ".ServiceName", ".Domain" and ".Attributes" available
# - "getTag(name, tags, defaultValue)", "hasTag(name, tags)" and "getAttribute(name, tags, defaultValue)" functions are available
# - "getAttribute(...)" function uses prefixed tag names based on "prefix" value
#
# Optional
# Default: "Host:{{.ServiceName}}.{{.Domain}}"
#
#frontEndRule = "Host:{{.ServiceName}}.{{Domain}}"

This backend will create routes matching on hostname based on the service name used in Consul.

To enable constraints see backend-specific constraints section.

Tags

Additional settings can be defined using Consul Catalog tags.

Tag Description
traefik.enable=false Disable this container in Træfik
traefik.protocol=https Override the default http protocol
traefik.backend.weight=10 Assign this weight to the container
traefik.backend.circuitbreaker=EXPR Create a circuit breaker to be used against the backend, ex: NetworkErrorRatio() > 0.
traefik.backend.loadbalancer=drr Override the default load balancing mode
traefik.backend.maxconn.amount=10 Set a maximum number of connections to the backend. Must be used in conjunction with the below label to take effect.
traefik.backend.maxconn.extractorfunc=client.ip Set the function to be used against the request to determine what to limit maximum connections to the backend by. Must be used in conjunction with the above label to take effect.
traefik.frontend.rule=Host:test.traefik.io Override the default frontend rule (Default: Host:{{.ServiceName}}.{{.Domain}}).
traefik.frontend.passHostHeader=true Forward client Host header to the backend.
traefik.frontend.priority=10 Override default frontend priority
traefik.frontend.entryPoints=http,https Assign this frontend to entry points http and https. Overrides defaultEntryPoints.
traefik.frontend.auth.basic=EXPR Sets basic authentication for that frontend in CSV format: User:Hash,User:Hash