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Migration Guide: From v1 to v2

How to Migrate from Traefik v1 to Traefik v2.

The version 2 of Traefik introduces a number of breaking changes, which require one to update their configuration when they migrate from v1 to v2. The goal of this page is to recapitulate all of these changes, and in particular to give examples, feature by feature, of how the configuration looked like in v1, and how it now looks like in v2.

Migration Helper

We created a tool to help during the migration: traefik-migration-tool

This tool allows to:

  • convert Ingress to Traefik IngressRoute resources.
  • convert acme.json file from v1 to v2 format.
  • migrate the static configuration contained in the file traefik.toml to a Traefik v2 file.

Frontends and Backends Are Dead...
... Long Live Routers, Middlewares, and Services

During the transition from v1 to v2, a number of internal pieces and components of Traefik were rewritten and reorganized. As such, the combination of core notions such as frontends and backends has been replaced with the combination of routers, services, and middlewares.

Typically, a router replaces a frontend, and a service assumes the role of a backend, with each router referring to a service. However, even though a backend was in charge of applying any desired modification on the fly to the incoming request, the router defers that responsibility to another component. Instead, a dedicated middleware is now defined for each kind of such modification. Then any router can refer to an instance of the wanted middleware.

One frontend with basic auth and one backend, become one router, one service, and one basic auth middleware.

v1

labels:
  - "traefik.frontend.rule=Host:test.localhost;PathPrefix:/test"
  - "traefik.frontend.auth.basic.users=test:$$apr1$$H6uskkkW$$IgXLP6ewTrSuBkTrqE8wj/,test2:$$apr1$$d9hr9HBB$$4HxwgUir3HP4EsggP/QNo0"
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: traefik
  namespace: kube-system
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: traefik
    traefik.ingress.kubernetes.io/rule-type: PathPrefix
spec:
  rules:
  - host: test.locahost
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /test
        backend:
          serviceName: server0
          servicePort: 80
      - path: /test
        backend:
          serviceName: server1
          servicePort: 80
[frontends]
  [frontends.frontend1]
    entryPoints = ["http"]
    backend = "backend1"

    [frontends.frontend1.routes]
      [frontends.frontend1.routes.route0]
        rule = "Host:test.localhost"
      [frontends.frontend1.routes.route0]
        rule = "PathPrefix:/test"

    [frontends.frontend1.auth]
      [frontends.frontend1.auth.basic]
        users = [
          "test:$apr1$H6uskkkW$IgXLP6ewTrSuBkTrqE8wj/",
          "test2:$apr1$d9hr9HBB$4HxwgUir3HP4EsggP/QNo0",
        ]

[backends]
  [backends.backend1]
    [backends.backend1.servers.server0]
      url = "http://10.10.10.1:80"
    [backends.backend1.servers.server1]
      url = "http://10.10.10.2:80"

    [backends.backend1.loadBalancer]
      method = "wrr"

v2

labels:
  - "traefik.http.routers.router0.rule=Host(`bar.com`) && PathPrefix(`/test`)"
  - "traefik.http.routers.router0.middlewares=auth"
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.auth.basicauth.users=test:$$apr1$$H6uskkkW$$IgXLP6ewTrSuBkTrqE8wj/,test2:$$apr1$$d9hr9HBB$$4HxwgUir3HP4EsggP/QNo0"
# The definitions below require the definitions for the Middleware and IngressRoute kinds.
# https://docs.traefik.io/v2.0/providers/kubernetes-crd/#traefik-ingressroute-definition
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: Middleware
metadata:
  name: basicauth
  namespace: foo

spec:
  basicAuth:
    users:
      - test:$apr1$H6uskkkW$IgXLP6ewTrSuBkTrqE8wj/
      - test2:$apr1$d9hr9HBB$4HxwgUir3HP4EsggP/QNo0

---
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: IngressRoute
metadata:
  name: ingressroutebar

spec:
  entryPoints:
    - http
  routes:
  - match: Host(`test.localhost`) && PathPrefix(`/test`)
    kind: Rule
    services:
    - name: server0
      port: 80
    - name: server1
      port: 80
    middlewares:
    - name: basicauth
      namespace: foo
[http.routers]
  [http.routers.router0]
    rule = "Host(`test.localhost`) && PathPrefix(`/test`)"
    middlewares = ["auth"]
    service = "my-service"

[http.services]
  [[http.services.my-service.loadBalancer.servers]]
    url = "http://10.10.10.1:80"
  [[http.services.my-service.loadBalancer.servers]]
    url = "http://10.10.10.2:80"

[http.middlewares]
  [http.middlewares.auth.basicAuth]
    users = [
      "test:$apr1$H6uskkkW$IgXLP6ewTrSuBkTrqE8wj/",
      "test2:$apr1$d9hr9HBB$4HxwgUir3HP4EsggP/QNo0",
    ]
http:
  routers:
    router0:
      rule: "Host(`test.localhost`) && PathPrefix(`/test`)"
      service: my-service
      middlewares:
        - auth

  services:
    my-service:
      loadBalancer:
        servers:
          - url: http://10.10.10.1:80
          - url: http://10.10.10.2:80

  middlewares:
    auth:
      basicAuth:
        users:
          - "test:$apr1$H6uskkkW$IgXLP6ewTrSuBkTrqE8wj/"
          - "test2:$apr1$d9hr9HBB$4HxwgUir3HP4EsggP/QNo0"

TLS Configuration Is Now Dynamic, per Router.

TLS parameters used to be specified in the static configuration, as an entryPoint field. With Traefik v2, a new dynamic TLS section at the root contains all the desired TLS configurations. Then, a router's TLS field can refer to one of the TLS configurations defined at the root, hence defining the TLS configuration for that router.

TLS on web-secure entryPoint becomes TLS option on Router-1

v1

# static configuration
[entryPoints]
  [entryPoints.web-secure]
    address = ":443"

    [entryPoints.web-secure.tls]
      minVersion = "VersionTLS12"
      cipherSuites = [
        "TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256",
        "TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384",
        "TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305",
        "TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305",
        "TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256",
        "TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256",
       ]
      [[entryPoints.web-secure.tls.certificates]]
        certFile = "path/to/my.cert"
        keyFile = "path/to/my.key"
--entryPoints='Name:web-secure Address::443 TLS:path/to/my.cert,path/to/my.key TLS.MinVersion:VersionTLS12 TLS.CipherSuites:TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384,TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305,TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256'

v2

# dynamic configuration
[http.routers]
  [http.routers.Router-1]
    rule = "Host(`bar.com`)"
    service = "service-id"
    # will terminate the TLS request
    [http.routers.Router-1.tls]
      options = "myTLSOptions"

[[tls.certificates]]
  certFile = "/path/to/domain.cert"
  keyFile = "/path/to/domain.key"

[tls.options]
  [tls.options.default]
    minVersion = "VersionTLS12"

  [tls.options.myTLSOptions]
    minVersion = "VersionTLS13"
    cipherSuites = [
        "TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256",
        "TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384",
        "TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305",
        "TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305",
        "TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256",
        "TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256",
        ]
http:
  routers:
    Router-1:
      rule: "Host(`bar.com`)"
      service: service-id
      # will terminate the TLS request
      tls:
        options: myTLSOptions

tls:
  certificates:
    - certFile: /path/to/domain.cert
      keyFile: /path/to/domain.key
  options:
    myTLSOptions:
      minVersion: VersionTLS13
      cipherSuites:
        - TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
        - TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305
        - TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305
        - TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
        - TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
# The definitions below require the definitions for the TLSOption and IngressRoute kinds.
# https://docs.traefik.io/v2.0/providers/kubernetes-crd/#traefik-ingressroute-definition
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: TLSOption
metadata:
  name: mytlsoption
  namespace: default

spec:
  minVersion: VersionTLS13
  cipherSuites:
    - TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
    - TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305
    - TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305
    - TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
    - TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256

---
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: IngressRoute
metadata:
  name: ingressroutebar

spec:
  entryPoints:
    - web
  routes:
    - match: Host(`bar.com`)
      kind: Rule
      services:
        - name: whoami
          port: 80
  tls:
    options:
      name: mytlsoption
      namespace: default
labels:
  # myTLSOptions must be defined by another provider, in this instance in the File Provider.
  # see the cross provider section
  - "[email protected]"

HTTP to HTTPS Redirection Is Now Configured on Routers

Previously on Traefik v1, the redirection was applied on an entry point or on a frontend. With Traefik v2 it is applied on a Router.

To apply a redirection, one of the redirect middlewares, RedirectRegex or RedirectScheme, has to be configured and added to the router middlewares list.

HTTP to HTTPS redirection

v1

# static configuration
defaultEntryPoints = ["http", "https"]

[entryPoints]
  [entryPoints.http]
    address = ":80"
    [entryPoints.http.redirect]
      entryPoint = "https"

  [entryPoints.https]
    address = ":443"
    [entryPoints.https.tls]
      [[entryPoints.https.tls.certificates]]
        certFile = "examples/traefik.crt"
        keyFile = "examples/traefik.key"
--entrypoints=Name:web Address::80 Redirect.EntryPoint:web-secure
--entryPoints='Name:web-secure Address::443 TLS:path/to/my.cert,path/to/my.key'

v2

labels:
- traefik.http.routers.web.rule=Host(`foo.com`)
- traefik.http.routers.web.entrypoints=web
- [email protected]
- traefik.http.routers.web-secured.rule=Host(`foo.com`)
- traefik.http.routers.web-secured.entrypoints=web-secure
- traefik.http.routers.web-secured.tls=true
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: IngressRoute
metadata:
  name: http-redirect-ingressRoute

spec:
  entryPoints:
    - web
  routes:
    - match: Host(`foo.com`)
      kind: Rule
      services:
        - name: whoami
          port: 80
      middlewares:
        - name: redirect

---
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: IngressRoute
metadata:
  name: https-ingressRoute

spec:
  entryPoints:
    - web-secure
  routes:
    - match: Host(`foo`)
      kind: Rule
      services:
        - name: whoami
          port: 80
  tls: {}

---
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: Middleware
metadata:
  name: redirect
spec:
  redirectScheme:
    scheme: https
## static configuration
# traefik.toml

[entryPoints.web]
  address = ":80"

[entryPoints.web-secure]
  address = ":443"

##---------------------##

## dynamic configuration
# dynamic-conf.toml

[http.routers]
  [http.routers.router0]
    rule = "Host(`foo.com`)"
    service = "my-service"
    entrypoints = ["web"]
    middlewares = ["redirect"]

[http.routers.router1]
    rule = "Host(`foo.com`)"
    service = "my-service"
    entrypoints = ["web-secure"]
    [http.routers.router1.tls]

[http.services]
  [[http.services.my-service.loadBalancer.servers]]
    url = "http://10.10.10.1:80"
  [[http.services.my-service.loadBalancer.servers]]
    url = "http://10.10.10.2:80"

[http.middlewares]
  [http.middlewares.redirect.redirectScheme]
    scheme = "https"

[[tls.certificates]]
  certFile = "/path/to/domain.cert"
  keyFile = "/path/to/domain.key"
## static configuration
# traefik.yml

entryPoints:
  web:
    address: ":80"

  web-secure:
    address: ":443"

##---------------------##

## dynamic configuration
# dynamic-conf.yml

http:
  routers:
    router0:
      rule: "Host(`foo.com`)"
      entryPoints:
        - web
      middlewares:
        - redirect
      service: my-service

    router1:
      rule: "Host(`foo.com`)"
      entryPoints:
        - web-secure
      service: my-service
      tls: {}

  services:
    my-service:
      loadBalancer:
        servers:
          - url: http://10.10.10.1:80
          - url: http://10.10.10.2:80

  middlewares:
    redirect:
      redirectScheme:
        scheme: https

tls:
  certificates:
    - certFile: /app/certs/server/server.pem
      keyFile: /app/certs/server/server.pem

Strip and Rewrite Path Prefixes

With the new core notions of v2 (introduced earlier in the section "Frontends and Backends Are Dead... Long Live Routers, Middlewares, and Services"), transforming the URL path prefix of incoming requests is configured with middlewares, after the routing step with router rule PathPrefix.

Use Case: Incoming requests to http://company.org/admin are forwarded to the webapplication "admin", with the path /admin stripped, e.g. to http://<IP>:<port>/. In this case, you must:

  • First, configure a router named admin with a rule matching at least the path prefix with the PathPrefix keyword,
  • Then, define a middlware of type stripprefix, which remove the prefix /admin, associated to the router admin.

Strip Path Prefix When Forwarding to Backend

v1

labels:
  - "traefik.frontend.rule=Host:company.org;PathPrefixStrip:/admin"
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: traefik
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: traefik
    traefik.ingress.kubernetes.io/rule-type: PathPrefixStrip
spec:
  rules:
  - host: company.org
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /admin
        backend:
          serviceName: admin-svc
          servicePort: admin
[frontends.admin]
  [frontends.admin.routes.admin_1]
  rule = "Host:company.org;PathPrefixStrip:/admin"

v2

labels:
  - "traefik.http.routers.admin.rule=Host(`company.org`) && PathPrefix(`/admin`)"
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.admin-stripprefix.stripprefix.prefixes=/admin"
  - "[email protected]"
---
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: IngressRoute
metadata:
  name: http-redirect-ingressRoute
  namespace: admin-web
spec:
  entryPoints:
    - web
  routes:
    - match: Host(`company.org`) && PathPrefix(`/admin`)
      kind: Rule
      services:
        - name: admin-svc
          port: admin
      middlewares:
        - name: admin-stripprefix
---
kind: Middleware
metadata:
  name: admin-stripprefix
spec:
  stripPrefix:
    prefixes:
      - /admin
## Dynamic configuration
# dynamic-conf.toml

[http.routers.router1]
    rule = "Host(`company.org`) && PathPrefix(`/admin`)"
    service = "admin-svc"
    entrypoints = ["web"]
    middlewares = ["admin-stripprefix"]

[http.middlewares]
  [http.middlewares.admin-stripprefix.stripPrefix]
  prefixes = ["/admin"]

# ...
## Dynamic Configuration
# dynamic-conf.yml

# As YAML Configuration File
http:
  routers:
    admin:
      service: admin-svc
      middlewares:
        - "admin-stripprefix"
      rule: "Host(`company.org`) && PathPrefix(`/admin`)"

  middlewares:
    admin-stripprefix:
      stripPrefix:
        prefixes: 
        - "/admin"

# ...
What About Other Path Transformations?

Instead of removing the path prefix with the stripprefix middleware, you can also:

ACME (LetsEncrypt)

ACME is now a certificate resolver (under a certificatesResolvers section) but remains in the static configuration.

ACME from provider to a specific Certificate Resolver

v1

# static configuration
defaultEntryPoints = ["web-secure","web"]

[entryPoints.web]
address = ":80"
  [entryPoints.web.redirect]
  entryPoint = "webs"
[entryPoints.web-secure]
  address = ":443"
  [entryPoints.https.tls]

[acme]
  email = "[email protected]"
  storage = "acme.json"
  entryPoint = "web-secure"
  onHostRule = true
  [acme.httpChallenge]
    entryPoint = "web"
--defaultentrypoints=web-secure,web
--entryPoints=Name:web Address::80 Redirect.EntryPoint:web-secure
--entryPoints=Name:web-secure Address::443 TLS
[email protected]
--acme.storage=acme.json
--acme.entryPoint=web-secure
--acme.onHostRule=true
--acme.httpchallenge.entrypoint=http

v2

# static configuration
[entryPoints]
  [entryPoints.web]
    address = ":80"

  [entryPoints.web-secure]
    address = ":443"

[certificatesResolvers.sample.acme]
  email = "[email protected]"
  storage = "acme.json"
  [certificatesResolvers.sample.acme.httpChallenge]
    # used during the challenge
    entryPoint = "web"
entryPoints:
  web:
    address: ":80"

  web-secure:
    address: ":443"

certificatesResolvers:
  sample:
    acme:
      email: [email protected]
      storage: acme.json
      httpChallenge:
        # used during the challenge
        entryPoint: web
--entryPoints.web.address=":80"
--entryPoints.websecure.address=":443"
--certificatesResolvers.sample.acme.email: [email protected]
--certificatesResolvers.sample.acme.storage: acme.json
--certificatesResolvers.sample.acme.httpChallenge.entryPoint: web

Traefik Logs

In the v2, all the log configuration remains in the static part but are unified under a log section. There is no more log configuration at the root level.

Simple log configuration

v1

# static configuration
logLevel = "DEBUG"

[traefikLog]
  filePath = "/path/to/traefik.log"
  format   = "json"
--logLevel="DEBUG"
--traefikLog.filePath="/path/to/traefik.log"
--traefikLog.format="json"

v2

# static configuration
[log]
  level = "DEBUG"
  filePath = "/path/to/log-file.log"
  format = "json"
# static configuration
log:
  level: DEBUG
  filePath: /path/to/log-file.log
  format: json
--log.level="DEBUG"
--log.filePath="/path/to/traefik.log"
--log.format="json"

Tracing

Traefik v2 retains OpenTracing support. The backend root option from the v1 is gone, you just have to set your tracing configuration.

Simple Jaeger tracing configuration

v1

# static configuration
[tracing]
  backend = "jaeger"
  servicename = "tracing"
  [tracing.jaeger]
    samplingParam = 1.0
    samplingServerURL = "http://12.0.0.1:5778/sampling"
    samplingType = "const"
    localAgentHostPort = "12.0.0.1:6831"
--tracing.backend="jaeger"
--tracing.servicename="tracing"
--tracing.jaeger.localagenthostport="12.0.0.1:6831"
--tracing.jaeger.samplingparam="1.0"
--tracing.jaeger.samplingserverurl="http://12.0.0.1:5778/sampling"
--tracing.jaeger.samplingtype="const"

v2

# static configuration
[tracing]
  servicename = "tracing"
  [tracing.jaeger]
    samplingParam = 1.0
    samplingServerURL = "http://12.0.0.1:5778/sampling"
    samplingType = "const"
    localAgentHostPort = "12.0.0.1:6831"
# static configuration
tracing:
  servicename: tracing
  jaeger:
    samplingParam: 1
    samplingServerURL: 'http://12.0.0.1:5778/sampling'
    samplingType: const
    localAgentHostPort: '12.0.0.1:6831'
--tracing.servicename="tracing"
--tracing.jaeger.localagenthostport="12.0.0.1:6831"
--tracing.jaeger.samplingparam="1.0"
--tracing.jaeger.samplingserverurl="http://12.0.0.1:5778/sampling"
--tracing.jaeger.samplingtype="const"

Metrics

The v2 retains metrics tools and allows metrics to be configured for the entrypoints and/or services. For a basic configuration, the metrics configuration remains the same.

Simple Prometheus metrics configuration

v1

# static configuration
[metrics.prometheus]
  buckets = [0.1,0.3,1.2,5.0]
  entryPoint = "traefik"
--metrics.prometheus.buckets=[0.1,0.3,1.2,5.0]
--metrics.prometheus.entrypoint="traefik"

v2

# static configuration
[metrics.prometheus]
  buckets = [0.1,0.3,1.2,5.0]
  entryPoint = "metrics"
# static configuration
metrics:
  prometheus:
    buckets:
      - 0.1
      - 0.3
      - 1.2
      - 5
    entryPoint: metrics
--metrics.prometheus.buckets=[0.1,0.3,1.2,5.0]
--metrics.prometheus.entrypoint="metrics"

No More Root Level Key/Values

To avoid any source of confusion, there are no more configuration at the root level. Each root item has been moved to a related section or removed.

From root to dedicated section

v1

# static configuration
checkNewVersion = false
sendAnonymousUsage = true
logLevel = "DEBUG"
insecureSkipVerify = true
rootCAs = [ "/mycert.cert" ]
maxIdleConnsPerHost = 200
providersThrottleDuration = "2s"
AllowMinWeightZero = true
debug = true
defaultEntryPoints = ["web", "web-secure"]
keepTrailingSlash = false
--checknewversion=false
--sendanonymoususage=true
--loglevel="DEBUG"
--insecureskipverify=true
--rootcas="/mycert.cert"
--maxidleconnsperhost=200
--providersthrottleduration="2s"
--allowminweightzero=true
--debug=true
--defaultentrypoints="web","web-secure"
--keeptrailingslash=true

v2

# static configuration
[global]
  checkNewVersion = true
  sendAnonymousUsage = true

[log]
  level = "DEBUG"

[serversTransport]
  insecureSkipVerify = true
  rootCAs = [ "/mycert.cert" ]
  maxIdleConnsPerHost = 42

[providers]
  providersThrottleDuration = 42
# static configuration
global:
  checkNewVersion: true
  sendAnonymousUsage: true

log:
  level: DEBUG

serversTransport:
  insecureSkipVerify: true
  rootCAs:
    - /mycert.cert
  maxIdleConnsPerHost: 42

providers:
  providersThrottleDuration: 42
--global.checknewversion=true
--global.sendanonymoususage=true
--log.level="DEBUG"
--serverstransport.insecureskipverify=true
--serverstransport.rootcas="/mycert.cert"
--serverstransport.maxidleconnsperhost=42
--providers.providersthrottleduration=42

Dashboard

You need to activate the API to access the dashboard. As the dashboard access is now secured by default you can either:

Dashboard with k8s and dedicated router

As [email protected] is not a Kubernetes service, you have to use the file provider or the insecure API option.

Activate and access the dashboard

v1

## static configuration
# traefik.toml

[entryPoints.web-secure]
  address = ":443"
  [entryPoints.web-secure.tls]
  [entryPoints.web-secure.auth]
    [entryPoints.web-secure.auth.basic]
      users = [
        "test:$apr1$H6uskkkW$IgXLP6ewTrSuBkTrqE8wj/"
      ]

[api]
  entryPoint = "web-secure"
--entryPoints='Name:web-secure Address::443 TLS Auth.Basic.Users:test:$apr1$H6uskkkW$IgXLP6ewTrSuBkTrqE8wj/'
--api

v2

# dynamic configuration
labels:
  - "traefik.http.routers.api.rule=Host(`traefik.docker.localhost`)"
  - "traefik.http.routers.api.entrypoints=web-secured"
  - "[email protected]"
  - "traefik.http.routers.api.middlewares=myAuth"
  - "traefik.http.routers.api.tls"
  - "traefik.http.middlewares.myAuth.basicauth.users=test:$$apr1$$H6uskkkW$$IgXLP6ewTrSuBkTrqE8wj/"
## static configuration
# traefik.toml

[entryPoints.web-secure]
  address = ":443"

[api]

[providers.file]
    filename = "/dynamic-conf.toml"

##---------------------##

## dynamic configuration
# dynamic-conf.toml

[http.routers.api]
  rule = "Host(`traefik.docker.localhost`)"
  entrypoints = ["web-secure"]
  service = "[email protected]"
  middlewares = ["myAuth"]
  [http.routers.api.tls]

[http.middlewares.myAuth.basicAuth]
  users = [
    "test:$apr1$H6uskkkW$IgXLP6ewTrSuBkTrqE8wj/"
  ]
## static configuration
# traefik.yaml

entryPoints:
  web-secure:
    address: ':443'

api: {}

providers:
  file:
    filename: /dynamic-conf.yaml

##---------------------##

## dynamic configuration
# dynamic-conf.yaml

 http:
  routers:
    api:
      rule: Host(`traefik.docker.localhost`)
      entrypoints:
        - web-secure
      service: [email protected]
      middlewares:
        - myAuth
      tls: {}

  middlewares:
    myAuth:
      basicAuth:
        users:
          - 'test:$apr1$H6uskkkW$IgXLP6ewTrSuBkTrqE8wj/'

Providers

Supported providers, for now:

  • Azure Service Fabric
  • BoltDB
  • Consul
  • Consul Catalog
  • Docker
  • DynamoDB
  • ECS
  • Etcd
  • Eureka
  • File
  • Kubernetes Ingress (without annotations)
  • Kubernetes IngressRoute
  • Marathon
  • Mesos
  • Rancher
  • Rest
  • Zookeeper

Some Tips You Should Know

  • Different sources of static configuration (file, CLI flags, ...) cannot be mixed.
  • Now, configuration elements can be referenced between different providers by using the provider namespace notation: @<provider>. For instance, a router named myrouter in a File Provider can refer to a service named myservice defined in Docker Provider with the following notation: [email protected].
  • Middlewares are applied in the same order as their declaration in router.
  • If you have any questions feel free to join our community forum.